1 the space created by the swing of a scythe or the cut of a mowing machine
2 a path or strip (as cut by one course of mowing) [syn: belt]
- IPA: /swɔːθ/
EtymologyOld English swæþ, swathu (a "track", "trace", "scar") Corresponds to MLG and MDu swat, MHG and MNG swade, NDu swad(e), OFries swethe border. Root meaning: trace of a cut.
Attested in English since 888 in its obsolete meaning of track or trace, since 1475 in its more modern usage. Cognate with German Schwaden (row of mown grass or grain).
No definite cognates outside Germanic languages.
- See F. Kluge, Etymologisches Wörterbuch (De Gruyter), entry Schwaden, and OED.
Usage notesTo be distinguished from main meanings of swathe, but that is also an alternative spelling for this word.
The Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull (SWATH) is a twin-hull ship design that minimizes hull volume in the surface area of the sea. By minimizing hull volume in the sea's surface, where wave energy is located, the vessel becomes very stable, even in high seas and at high speeds. The bulk of the displacement necessary to keep the ship afloat is located beneath the waves, where it is less affected by wave action, as wave excitation drops exponentially with depth. Placing the majority of the ship's displacement under the waves is similar in concept to submarines, which are also not affected by wave action.
The twin-hull design provides large, broad decks and a stable platform. The main disadvantages to the SWATH hull form are that they are more expensive than conventional catamarans, require a complex control system, have a deeper draught than catamarans and mono-hulled ships, and a higher maintenance requirement. Furthermore, SWATH vessels can use up to 80% more power than an equivalent catamaran, and are more limited in speed compared to equivalent catamaran vessels.
The SWATH form was invented by Canadian Frederick G. Creed, who presented his idea in 1938 and was later awarded a British patent for it in 1946. It was first used in the 1960s and 1970s as an evolution of catamaran design for use as oceanographic research vessels or submarine rescue ships.
- CCGS Frederick G. Creed, a Canadian Coast Guard survey ship.
- Sea Shadow, a US Navy experimental stealth ship.
- Sea Fighter, a US Navy experimental littoral combat ship.
- Asia Star, formerly the Radisson Diamond, a 350 person all balcony luxury cruise ship with 20295 tonnes gross tonnage.
- R/V Kilo Moana, a University of Hawaii research vessel.
- Cloud X, a passenger ferry running between Florida and the Bahamas.
- Nekton Rorqual/Swacat 80, an 80 foot cruise ship operated by Nekton Diving Cruises.
- Cetus and Perseus, pilot vessels for the Netherlands Loodswezen.
- Döse, Dunen, pilot vessels for the German Brotherhood of Elbe - Pilots.
- Elbe, pilot station vessel for the German Brotherhood of Elbe - Pilots.
- Planet Type 752, weapons + sonar research ship of the German Navy.
- The Goya in Dan Brown's book Deception Point is a Swath.
swath in German: Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull
swath in French: SWATH
swath in Croatian: SWATH brod
swath in Dutch: SWATH
Indian file, array, articulation, bank, belt, buzz, catena, catenation, chain, chain reaction, chaining, concatenation, connection, consecution, continuum, course, cycle, descent, drone, endless belt, endless round, file, filiation, gamut, gradation, hum, line, lineage, monotone, nexus, path, pendulum, periodicity, plenum, powder train, progression, queue, range, rank, recurrence, reticulation, rotation, round, routine, row, run, scale, sequence, series, single file, spectrum, string, strip, succession, swathe, thread, tier, train, windrow